"Retaliation" has a very specific meaning in employment law. The laws that prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, national origin, age and disability also make it illegal to retaliate against individuals who oppose unlawful discrimination or participate in an employment proceeding. If you have complained to your employer about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ("EEOC") or the Louisiana Commission on Human Rights, participated in a discrimination proceeding (as a witness for example) or otherwise opposed discrimination, your employer cannot retaliate against you.
In addition, the Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA") protects individuals from coercion, intimidation, threat, harassment, or interference in their exercise of their own rights or their encouragement of someone else's exercise of rights granted by the ADA. The Family Medical Leave Act ("FMLA") also prohibits retaliation against employees for taking leave under the FMLA, opposing employment practices that violate the FMLA, or testifying or giving information with regard to an FMLA violation.
So what is retaliation, exactly?